Learning behaviours

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  • Learning Behaviour
    • Learned behaviour
      • Operant conditioning
        • In oparent condtioning, an animal learns to do something or not do something through being rewaded or bunished, and is a form of training.
          • Training guide dogs for the blind
          • Train dolphins and sea-lions to jump through hoops in marine shows
          • Train sniffer dogs to find people/search for illegal drugs, etc
          • Train police horces to remain calm in large crowds or noisy situations
      • Some behaviours are not instinctive; they have to be  learned through conditioning.
    • Instinctive behaviour
      • Instinctive behaviours are behaviours inherited from parents and aren't affected by the environment
        • E.g Suckling by a newborn mammal is an instinct
    • Imprinting
      • Imprinting is a behaviour only seein in animals of a young age, and is when they copy the first animal they see
        • Young animals can also copy humans too!
    • Habituation
      • Habituation is beieved to be the simplest type of learning in animals, and is when an animal learns to ignore something that doesnt effect them
        • An example of this is a cat ignoring the bell os its collar after hearing it a lot



This mind map summarises they main types of behaviour that have to be learned for the Edexcel GCSE Biology specification Topic 2 on behaviour.  You could team this up with a quiz or two or read through some accompanying revision notes for more detail.

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