Learning theory

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  • LEARNING THEORY
    • CLASSICAL CONDITIONING
      • Unconditioned stimulus (Food)
        • Unconditioned response (pleasure)
    • OPERANT CONDITIONING
      • Learning to repeat behavoiour, or not, depending on consequences
        • Pleasant consequence = repeated again
          • Crying = comfort
          • Baby is reinforced and carer receives a negative reinforcement
          • Two way process
        • Unpleasant consequence  = less likely to be repeated
    • SECONDARY DRIVE
      • Drive reduction
      • Hunger = primary drive
        • Innate
        • Eat to reduce hunger drive
      • Sears et al. 1957
        • Caregiver provides food
          • Primary dive of hunger becomes generalised to them
      • Attachment = secondary drive
        • Association
          • Caregiver and satisfaction of primary drive
    • A03
      • Counter evidence from animal research
        • Lorenz
          • Imprinted before they were fed and maintained, regardless who fed them
        • Harlow
          • Attached to soft surrogate in preference to wire one that produced milk
      • Counter evidence from human research
        • Schaffer and Emerson
          • Many babies developed primary attachment to their biological mothers even though other carers did most of the feeding
            • No uncondiotioned stimulus or primary drove involved

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