League Of Nations

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  • Created by: Kate
  • Created on: 27-12-12 13:59
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  • LEAGUE OF NATIONS
    • WEAKNESSES
      • Structure
        • C&A only met once a year
        • S understaffed
        • Power of Veto
        • C decisions overruled
      • ABSENCE OF POWERFUL COUNTRIES
        • GERMANY - banned
        • USA - isolationists
        • RUSSIA - communist
        • Absences undermined League's authority
          • had no armed forces of its own
          • Big countries wouldnt listen
          • Need big powers to impose sanctions
      • HATRED OF T of V
        • Reparations and war guilt, too harsh
        • Led to hatred of L of N
    • AIMS
      • Disarmanament
        • Reduce weaponry, encourage safety & peace
      • Improve living conditions and jobs.
        • Tackle disease, poverty and slavery. encourage business
      • Enforce TofV
        • A way to restucture Europe
      • Stop wars
        • World peace, collective security
    • 1920'S
      • FAILURES
        • VILNA 1920, poland refuse to leave Lithuania, league ignored.
        • CORFU 1923,  Italy refused to stop a war
        • RUHR 1922, league fail to stop french troops occupying Germany
        • DISARMAMENT 1925/6, conference doesnt happen, till 1932, then fails anyway
      • SUCCESSES
        • AALAND ISLANDS 1921, League settled dispute between Sweden and Finland
        • UPPER SILESIA 1921, League settled dispute between Germany & Poland - plebiscite, land split
        • BULGARIA, 1925, Greece stopped invading when condemned by League
        • LOCAINO TREATIES 1925, Germany (+FR, Belgium) agree to respect borders
        • KELLOGG- BRIAND PACT 1928, 65 countries agree to outlaw war
        • DAWES PLAN 1924, USA loan Germany 800 Million gold marks. Given longer to pay reps.
          • YOUNG PLAN 1929, further extended time Germany had to pay up. till 1988.
      • + International Agrrements
    • IMPROVEMENTS
      • ILO
        • 8hr working day and 48hr working week.
        • Increased rights of women
        • worked to end child labour
          • restricted lead in paint
        • made shipowners liable for seamen accidents
      • HEALTH
        • Research into malaria, leprosy and yellow fever
        • Health commitee worked to prevent typhus epidemics and did a large education campaighn about the disease
      • TRANSPORT
        • Inrtoduced high way codes + shipping lanes
      • set free 2000000 slaves
    • POWERS
      • DAVID LLOYD GEORGE
        • pragmatic
          • compromise, justice
      • WOODROW WILSON
        • idealistic
          • world peace
      • GEORGE CLEMENCEAU
        • dogmatic
          • revenge

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