Laws and Morals

  • Created by: A Francis
  • Created on: 22-03-13 17:37
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  • Characteristics Laws and Morals
    • Characteristics of Legal Rules
      • Sir John Salmond
        • Described law as 'the body of principles recognised and applied by state in the administration of justice'
      • John Austin
        • Defined it as 'a command issued from a sovereign power to an inferior and enforced by coercion
      • Compliance with legal rules is compulsory.
        • They are imposed on all members of the society
      • Breach of legal rules will lead to state sanctions and procedures
        • Being arrested, charged, and prosecuted through courts
      • Legal rules are created and take effect at a precise time
        • The Smoke-Free (Premises and Enforcement) Regulations came into force on the 1st July 2007
    • Characteristics of Moral Rules
      • Phil Harris
        • Defines a society's code of morality as a set of beliefs, values, principles and standards of behaviour
      • Compliance with Moral Rules is not required by state
        • People may be influenced by family, friends or religion or may decide to make their own decision over what is moral or immoral
      • Society is pluralistic. What one person sees as being immoral another may not
      • Moral Rules have been developed gradually over time
        • They are usually based on the views of the persons religion
      • Morals are enforced informally
        • Usually through social or domestic pressures




This was really helpful and an easy, clear breakdown of a really heavy topic. Thank you!

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