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  • Created by: ksw1102
  • Created on: 30-11-18 13:46
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  • Law Enforcement 1250-1500
    • King
      • the Statute of Windsor (1285) shaped law enforcement in England
      • in overall charge of keeping the 'Kings Peace.'
    • Sheriff
      • king's chief law enforcer in a county -  a powerful lord
      • took a share of property of convicted murderers
      • had an armed posse (group of local men) to help him track down criminals
    • Commoners
      • Victims of Crime
        • called the 'hue and cry' - a noise that alerted people to drop their tools and hunt for a criminal
          • If they didn't join, they would get a fine
      • tithings
      • watchmen
        • patrolled towns at night and handed over suspicious people to constable
    • Constables - law enforcement officers
      • parish constable (village)
        • had to ensure his parish responded properly to a crime
        • supplied armed men when needed
      • 2 chief constables of the hundred
        • usually wealthy farmers
  • adult men were grouped into tithings (groups)
    • if one man in the tithing broke the law, the other men in the tithing had to bring him to court
    • tithings
  • Juries
    • used knowledge of accused's background to reach verdict
    • quite lenient in serious offences as punishments were harsh
    • the judge accepted the juror's verdict and few cases lasted longer than 20 mins
    • had to know as much as possible about a care before it went to court
  • Everyone in society had to voluntarily play their part in 'policing' their own area

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