Latin Revision - Graded Test

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  • Created on: 08-06-16 15:30
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  • Latin Revision - Graded Test
    • Word Ending Rules
      • Accusative Case - Accuse (e.g. the girl bought a dog - the dog is the accusative case). Accusative singulars end in m (any declension). Accusative plurals end in s (any declension).
      • Nominative Case - The subject case (e.g. the girl bought a dog - the girl is the nominative case. Nominative singular stays as the word was (e.g. puella stays as puella, puer stays as puer). Nominative plural 1st declension ends in e, 2nd declension ends in i and 3rd declension ends in es.
      • Dative Case - to something (e.g. the girl bought a dog and gave it to her friend - the friend is the dative case). Dative singular 1st declension ends in e, 2nd declension ends in o and 3rd declension ends in i. Dative plurals end is for 1st and 2nd declension and end in ibus for 3rd declension.
    • Culture - Food & Drink
      • Dinner was ate in the triclinium (dining room) and had three couches positioned around a table in the middle; triclinium means a room with three couches. Romans would recline on these, leaning on their left elbow and taking food with their right hand. Dinner started with the first course which was usually a light meal to whet the appetite; this could include fish, eggs and raw and/or uncooked vegetables.
        • Dinner started with the first course which was usually a light meal to whet the appetite; this could include fish, eggs and raw and/or uncooked vegetables.
          • The main course was next and consisted of many different meat dishes (beef, pork, mutton and poultry were popular), they were served with a range of vegetables and sauces. The cook would particularly try to show his creativity and skill when making this food.
            • Dessert was composed of fruit, nuts, chees and other sweet dishes
              • Romans drank wine at their meals produced from the vineyards of Vesuvius.
    • Slaves & Freedmen
      • Someone who used to be a slave and was set free by their master was called a libertus. Slaves were sometimes freed and usually because of particularly good service and as a sign of friendship and respect but also once their master had died if it said in his will to free the slaves they would become a libertus. However, slaves could not be set free until they were at least 30 years old and no more than 100 slaves (this could be less in a smaller household) could be freed in a will.
        • Even when a slave was freed, he still did not have as many opportunities as someone who was born free. For example, he was not able to run as a candidate in public elections and could not become a high - raning officer in the army.
          • An ex-slave would have to regularly pay his respects to his master, early in the day, help and support him in any way he could and work for him for affixed number of days each year. A libertus would also change his name (e.g. if his slave-name was Felix and his master's name was Lucius Caecilius Iucundus, he would change his name to Lucius Caecilius Felix).
            • Freed women were called a liberta and usually married their former master. They also had less opportunities and privileges than a libertus.
    • Map of Pompeii
      • There are 8 gates:               Vesuvius Gate, Nola Gate, Capua Gate, Gate to River Sarno, Nuceria Gate, Stabiae Gate, Sea Gate & Herculaneum Gate.
        • 3 Main Streets: Nola Street, Stabiae Street & Street of Shops


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