Later Government Policies Towards the Indians

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  • Later Government Policies Towards the Indians
    • Small Reservation Policy
      • In 1868, the government realised that the Sioux and their allies could not be defeated militarily therefore adopted a more peaceful approach
      • Put tribes into smaller areas of land away from settlers
      • Failed to bring peace
    • New Treaties
      • Second Fort Laramie Treaty
        • The Sioux tribe moved to a reservation in the Black Hills
        • No non-Indian settlers were to ever be allowed to enter this land
        • Red Cloud agreed to this treaty and stopped fighting the US army
        • Not all Sioux agreed to the peace treaty and many went to follow younger, militant leaders
      • Medicine Lodge
    • Assimilation
      • They would be taught by white Americans to become farmers and live as they did
      • Indians didn't want to assimilate and not all tribes had agreed to move onto the reservations
        • Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse were against the treaty and were unwilling to remain on the reservations
    • Government
      • Settlers continued to encroach on the Indian land
        • If there was conflict preserving Indian reservations and the interest of the railroads, settlers or miners, the government always favoured the White Americans
        • Saw the Indians as under rule of the government and not separate nations to be negotiated with
        • With the end of the Civil War, the US army was in a better position to campaign against the Indians in the West


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