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    • Lexis
      • Register
        • Variety of language appropriate to a set situation or context.
          • Formal and informal register
      • Field
        • certain words used to suit the context eg, football terminology
      • Manner
        • The use of formal or informal language - dependant on who you're speaking to.
      • Mode
        • The method you use to communicate
      • Jargon
        • special words used by a profession that are difficult for others to understand.
      • Slang
        • a type of language consisting of words and phrases that are regarded as very informal
      • Taboo Lexis
        • Language that is seen as unacceptable and offensive
      • Emotive Language
        • A deliberate choice of words that causes the reader to feel emotion.
      • Neologisms
        • New words
          • Affixation: Where existing words are modified by adding prefixes or suffixes. eg “alcoholic
          • Back Formation: shortening of a word from a noun to a verb (edit - editor)
          • Root Creating:  Where brand new words are invented.
          • Conversion: where a word is modified from one word class to another. eg.. “hammer”(noun) changes to a verb (to get hammered)
          • Abbreviation – Using the shortened forms of words. Eg…”bike” from “bicycle”
          • Derivation – Words that are formed through acronyms.
          • Blending – Mixing only parts of different words together. Eg…”brunch”
          • Compounding – Simply putting whole words together
          • Borrowings/loans – Usually from foreign languages
    • Semantics
      • Semantic Ambiguity
        • When a word or phrase has more than one possible meaning
      • Figurative Language
        • Metaphor
        • Similies
        • Personifacation
        • Idioms
      • Antonym
        • A word with an opposite meaning to a word
      • Denotation
        • The literal definition of a word
      • Synonym
        • a word or phrase with similar meanings to another specified word.
      • Connotation
        • Emotional or cultural associations
      • Lexical Field
        • Deliberate grouping of words in a text
    • Pragmatics
      • Hidden meaning in text
        • Found in headlines - look for idioms and other figurative languag
      • Grice's Maxims
        • 1.Quantity - be as informative as possible
        • 2. Quality - be truthful and try not to give out false information
        • 3. Relation - be relative
        • 4. Manner - be clear, brief and orderly


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