Language Change - Lexis

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  • Language Change - Lexis
    • influences
      • 18th century
        • science + medicine
        • classical languages
        • attitudes towards social roles
      • 19th century
        • industrialisation
        • Latin + Greek
        • science + medicine
        • British Empire
        • Travel
      • 20th/21st century
        • technology
          • IT
          • ability to record speech
        • globalisation
        • world wars
        • American English
        • consumerism + leisure time
        • social attitudes
          • gender
          • ethnicity
          • sexuality
        • Youth sociolects + non-standard forms
    • Where do new words come from?
      • borrowing/loan words
        • introduction of a word from one language to another
      • Eponym
        • the name of a person whom something is named
      • Proprietary names
        • name given to a product by one organisation becomes the commonly used name for same product e.g. hoover
    • Semantic Change
      • Amelioration
        • word takes on a different more positive meaning than it had done previously
      • Pejoration
        • word takes on a different more negative meaning than it had done previously
      • weakening
        • word loses strength of original meaning
      • narrowing
        • word becomes more specific in its meaning
      • broadening
        • word keeps its original meaning but acquires others
    • reusing words
      • Affixation
        • addition of bound morpheme to an existing word
      • Prefixes
        • addition of BM to beginning of word
      • Suffixes
        • addition of BM to end of root word
      • conversion
        • word changes its word class without adding a suffix
      • compound
        • combining of separate words to create a new word
      • back formation
        • removal of an imagined affix from an existing word
      • blend
        • two words fusing to make a new one

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