Language change - 20th/21st century

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  • Language Change - 20th/21st century
    • Technology
      • TV created in 1927
        • lead to the corruption of accents while RP was introduced
      • Text/mobiles - 1992
        • "text speak"
        • Abbreviations e.g. LOL
        • Emoticons :)
      • Internet 1992/1993
        • wider access to information via search engines e.g. Google
        • changes to spelling
        • emails
      • spell check launched in 1981
    • Education
      • 1970s more opportunities for women e.g. more female literature and journalism
      • 1918 - school leaving age raised to 14
    • Historical Events
      • 'Hippie' era 1960s - informal language use, colloquial and Americanized
      • Neologism - occupation and technological advances
      • 1955 - Black Civil Rights Movement in America
        • fading of politically incorrect words. some used taboo deliberately to rebel
      • Cultural changes - less discrimination against certain groups
        • Affects grammatical choices and register
      • WW1 created social leveling - due to inscription
    • Media
      • Popularity of tabloids - informal lexical choices, hyperbole, abbreviations
      • Blogs became popular in 1997
        • Language more personal and use of informal registers
      • Rising popularity of reality TV
        • Broadcast the idiolect/dialect of certain areas that previously didn't cross over too often
          • TOWIE - "Well Jell"
    • Immigration
      • introduction of American rap music - continued Americanisation
      • Globalisation - British Empire became dominant
      • Invention of railway + cars
        • People could travel around Britain - regional accents weren't as self contained and became diluted
    • Acts of Parliament
      • Equal Franchise Act 1928 - gave legal rights to women e.g. vote
      • Equal Pay Act 1970 - entitled women the same pay as men doing the same job
      • Equality Act 2010 - cover discrimination for nine "protected characteristics
        • Age, disability, gender reassignment, marriage and civil partnership, pregnancy and maternity, race, religion or belief, and Gender

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