Language Change

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  • Language Change
    • Graphological Change
      • 17th centaury long 's' - based on handwriting style, appeared in printed texts. 19th centaury - long 's' end of word alongside double 's'.
      • 18th centaury - more words began with capital letters and in PDE. Proper nouns capitalised. Abstract nouns or other word to emphasize was captilised.
      • middle 20th centaury - serif typeface used. mid-20th onwards sans-serif used fashionable
        • serif- traditional. sans-serif - modern
      • Media and technology has changed. Now can send pictures via text, email.
    • English from 1700
      • 1476 William Caxton first printing press
        • important step for standardisation
          • words spelt differently  due to dialect, personal choice- had to decide spellings to use
      • English became standardised certain extent but still lot of variation
      • 18th centaury - 'state' of language  became concern for some writers.
        • English wasn't governed by strict set of rule - was decaying
          • Dictionaries (a dictionary of the English language - 1755 - Samuel Johnson )  were very popular
            • standardised  word spelling and meaning
      • prescriptive - attitude towards language assumes set of 'correct' linguistic rules English should follow
      • 20th centaury- improved  communication - radio, films, estuary English new accent,  inventions,  phone make it easier
        • Mobility - invention of railway and cars - travel more - different dialects.


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