English language power terms 2

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  • Language and power terms. 2
    • Power asymmetry: marked difference in power status of indivuals in discourse
    • Fairclough- Unequal encounter: (alternative term for asymmetrical) one speaker in text has more power
    • Powerful participant: speaker with higher status in a given context, therefore able to impose a degree of power
    • Less powerful participant: less status in context, so subject to contraints imposed by more powerful participant
    • Constraints: ways in which powerful particpants may block or control contributions of less powerful participants e.g. interrupting
    • Formulation: rewording of another's contribution by a powerful particpant to impose a certain meaning or understanding


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