language and power in spoken texts

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  • Language and Power in spoken texts
    • Power through language
      • Who uses jargon?
      • Whos uses prestige forms?
      • Who uses covert pretige?
    • Power through Expertise
      • How might the language used reflect the status of 'expert' of any of the speakers?
      • What is the result of a speaker misjudging the level of expertise of the audience
    • Direct Directives
      • Higher to subordinate = more direct
      • To freinds we are more direct, with a more obvious sense of power
      • Urgent tasks = lack of politeness, less face saving and hedging
    • Indirect directives
      • Equal-equal = more indirect devices
      • more polite to someone not known long of very well
      • Difficult tasks or ones which impose extra burdens = more direct
    • Softening Strategies
      • Used in directives by more powerful "we" instead of "you"
      • Hedging - not saying something directly
      • Modality - modal auxillary verbs express degrees of certainty, probability, ability.




love it thank you

Paul Dutton


A clear and very useful mind map concerning language and power in spoken texts.  Informative and easy to follow.



cheers pal

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