Language and Gender overview

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  • Language and Gender
    • Theorists
      • Zimmerman and West
        • Dominance Approach
      • Lakoff
        • Deficit Approach
      • Tannen
        • Difference Approach
      • Grice
        • Maxims of speech
    • Features
      • Tag questions
        • A group of words that turn a declarative into an interrogative
      • Hedging device
        • A linguistic device used to express uncertainty
      • Boosting device
        • A linguistic device used to intensify the force of an expression for added emphasis or power
      • Empty adjectives
        • Adjectives that are applied to soften and add friendly elements to the sentence, although they are do not add any particularly meaningful content.
    • Concepts
      • Marked form
        • That which stands out as different from a norm
      • Covert  prestige
        • A form of high status given to  non-standard forms
      • Covert marking
        • Marking that is understood
      • Folklinguistics
      • Semantic derogation
        • The sense of negative meaning or connotation that some lexical items have attached to them
      • Semantic deterioration
        • The process by which negative connotations become attached to lexical items
      • Overt marking
        • Marking that takes place through affixation or modification
      • Unmarked form
        • The measured norm, against which marked lexical items can be compared
      • Overt prestige
        • A form of high status given to standard forms
    • Context
      • Genre
        • The term for any category of literature
        • What style is the text?
        • How did the audience access the text- posted to them/ online?
      • Audience
        • Who is the text aimed at?
        • Who is likely to read the text?
        • Is their more than one target audience?
        • How is the text being read- online/hard copy?
      • Purpose
        • Why was the text written?
        • What does the text aim to do?
        • What different purposes is the text being read for?
      • Time, place, author
        • When was the text written?
        • Where was the text written?
        • Who wrote the text?
        • How old is this text?
      • How does this affect the features used?

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