Language and Power and Gender

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  • English Language
    • Gender theorists
      • Tannen
        • Men seek status and women seek support
          • Men give commands and women make suggestions
            • Men try and solve problems and women try understand problems
              • Women speak to much to try and build relationships
                • Men talk more in public
                  • Women overlap as they try to gain control
      • Pamela Fishman
        • Questions are not  sign of weakness
      • Dale Spencer
        • The male being the norm in a patriarchal society
      • Dominance theory
        • Zimmerman and West
          • Men are more likely to interrupt in mixed sex conversation
        • Holmes
          • Men discriminate against women 'slag' 'Bitch' 'Cow'
      • Robin Lackoff
        • Women use super polite forms
          • Women use hedges ' Sort of' 'Seems like'
            • Women use Tag Questions
              • Women speak less frequently
                • Women avoid swearing
                  • Women use intensifiers 'very' 'so'
                    • Women apologise more
    • Language and Power
      • Convesational Features
        • Who Leads talk
        • Who chooses/changes topic
        • Who interrupts?
        • Who Backs down
        • Who comments on what's being said
        • Who uses politeness strategies
        • Who uses face threatening acts?
        • Who uses tags, fillers and hedges?
        • Who talks the most?
        • Who uses directives?
      • Dominent soeaker will
        • Initiate Conversation
          • Overlap and innterupt
        • Set agenda
        • Control the topic
          • Reinforce the behaviour through positive feedback
      • Power theorists
        • Goffman
          • Politeness and impoliteness can create an influence(threatening acts)
          • Face saving
        • Grice
          • Conversational maxims
        • Fairclough
          • ideologies that are used for effect.e.g. natural and normal
  • Gender theorists
    • Tannen
      • Men seek status and women seek support
        • Men give commands and women make suggestions
          • Men try and solve problems and women try understand problems
            • Women speak to much to try and build relationships
              • Men talk more in public
                • Women overlap as they try to gain control
    • Pamela Fishman
      • Questions are not  sign of weakness
    • Dale Spencer
      • The male being the norm in a patriarchal society
    • Dominance theory
      • Zimmerman and West
        • Men are more likely to interrupt in mixed sex conversation
      • Holmes
        • Men discriminate against women 'slag' 'Bitch' 'Cow'
    • Robin Lackoff
      • Women use super polite forms
        • Women use hedges ' Sort of' 'Seems like'
          • Women use Tag Questions
            • Women speak less frequently
              • Women avoid swearing
                • Women use intensifiers 'very' 'so'
                  • Women apologise more

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