Language Change mindmap

  • Created by: Rosie666
  • Created on: 04-03-19 19:46
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  • Language change
    • Wave theory - Bailey
      • New language enters through geographical location
      • The further away from the change, the less likely they are to adopt the new lexis etc.
      • E.G. a word adaption used by youths in London, is unlikely to effect English speakers in Edinburgh
    • S-curve theory - Chen
      • Language change resembles a s-curve
      • Starts with infrequent usage, then is used very frequently and then drops down to a stable level of use
    • Functional theory - Haliday
      • Language changes based on the needs of its users. It takes from mainly in: new inventions, technological words and slang
      • Words going out of use: vinyl, cassette and floppy disk                  Words coming in to use: USB, Blu-ray and DVD
    • Aitchinson
      • Potential - There is an internal weakness of an external pressure for a particular change
      • Diffusion - The change starts to spread through the population
      • Codification model - Written down and subsequently put into the dictionary and accepted officially
      • Implementation - People start using the variant, it is incorporated into peoples dialects
    • Substratum theory
      • Language changes happens through social contact
      • In the past this happened through trade and invasion. Today it can happen through social networking and immigration
    • Theory of lexical gaps
      • This theory suggests there are logical reasons for the creation of new words
      • Words can be borrowed, converted or invented in order to fill a gap in usage or phonological language


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