Language and Region

  • Created by: TheaDingy
  • Created on: 17-01-20 15:46
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  • Language and Region
    • Howard Giles 1970s
      • Accomodatio Theory
        • Convergence- people change their language to associate with the person they're talking to
        • Divergence- people change their language to create a divide between themself and who they're speaking to
      • Matched Guise Experiment
        • Had an actor give the same speech to different series of audiences using a different accent each time
          • He explored three parameters, status personality and how persuasive they were. And he found although speakers of RP were perceived to be the most intelligent, they also seemed to lack the most social skills and humour
    • Peter Trudgill
      • Believed accents can be closely associated with prestige
        • Overt Prestige
          • Shown by lower middle class, it is generally recognised as 'better'and is more positively valued
          • Generally  it is socially perceived as 'correct'
          • Favoured by women
        • Covert Pretige
          • Non-standard language and dialect
          • Shown by lower working class. Has a positive value but is 'hidden' or not valued similarly to overt prestige in the larger community
          • Favoured by men
    • William Labov 1960s
    • New and Emerging Dialects
      • Bradford Asian English
        • A mixture of both Punjabi and English, heavily influenced by popculture and is spoken by people born in Pakistan who moved to England. It conveys a sense of identity
      • Estuary English
        • Mixture of 'ordinary' London, South East and RP accents used by the younger generation
    • Key Terms
      • Glottal Stop: A sound made by rapidly closing the vocal cords. Bottle is pronounced bo'l.Typically heard in Cockney
      • Th Fronting: The 'th' sound in of words is pronunced f or v. Think becomes 'fink' and without becomes 'wivoot'.Typically heard in Cockney or Northern English.
      • Dialect Levelling: Speech forms in different parts of the country are becoming more similar over time
      • Isogloss: A line on a map marking an area having a distinct linguistic feature
      • H Dropping: When the 'h' in words is not pronounced. Hat becomes 'at'. Common in lots of accents and West England
    • Extra Theories
      • Choy and Dodd 1976
        • Found teachers make judgements on students' ability and personality bason on how they speak
      • Dixon, ***** and Mahoney 2002
        • Used matched guise approach and found speakers with non standard accents were percieved to be more guilty than people who spoke in a 'standard accent'


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