Language and prestige

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  • Language and Prestige
    • Prestige:This means status. For example, someone with more power is seen to have a higher prestige
    • We code shift depending on the prestige. For example, when talking to Mr A, you would talk in a politer manner because of his prestige as he has power over you
    • Overt Prestige: This is when prestige is done or shown openly
    • Covert Prestige: When you don't openly acknowledge or display
    • Depending on the prestige we will code shift, alter our register and adjust our lexis depending on who we are talking to
    • Key Terminology:
      • Omission/ Elision: Sounds disappear from words. This could be clipping the final consonant (dropping 'g' or 'h'.) Example: "I', anging"
      • Colloquialism/ Slang: language that is not formal. Example: "That old geezer's havin a laugh"
      • Taboo Language/ Vulgarism
      • Assimilation: sounds are blended together so that you don't heat clear letters. Example: Dohm
      • Minor sentences/ Ellipsis: sentences that are grammatically incorrect. Example: "What the hell."


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