Language and Occupation Mindmap

View mindmap
  • Language and Occupation
    • Key Theorists
      • John Swales: Discourse Communities (2011)
        • Individuals within a 'discourse community' share common goals and use language to reach these goals
        • When communicating within such communities, using specialist lexis may apply
          • Jobs with highly specialised lexis like those within Law and Medicine have influence from languages like French and Latin
        • Discourse Communities- an alternative term for communities of practice
      • Drew and Heritage (1993)
        • Colleagues share knowledge which is built up over time, used to understand meanings specific to a profession
          • Turn taking is a key example of this, how the knowledge of who takes control in the situation is acquired.
            • for example:  doctor and patient, boss and employee
        • Lexical Asymmetry: how language boss and employee mirrors one another, as well as other's response to the manner in which language is used
      • Koester (2004)
        • Says phatic talk is important when jobs are meant to be done
        • Interpersonal relationships should be established in the work place
          • says this is vital to create a more efficient and pleasant working environment
        • says that power and solidarity is also important as a dimensional factor in the workplace
    • Key Definitions
      • Restricted Lexis: the idea of adjusting your language to the context. For example speaking to your boss the same way you do with fellow employees may not be appropriate
      • Phatic talk: interpersonal talk used in the workplace. Way to create interpersonal relationships. Example: "Nice weather we're having"
    • Context
      • Occupational Pragmatics and power
        • Pragmatics and power have a strong link as there is power within having knowledge, that of a workplace
        • It could be said that workers know to hold themselves in the work place as they share inferences
        • If the rules of  the working environment are known, they will be put into practice. This is done by communicating these rules
      • Limitations of Language
        • Presented by the Norman invasion of 1066, when French was the 'lingua franca'
          • in court, many had to pay others to speak for them who were fluent in French
          • At this time, Latin was used by the upper classes as a sign of status and power
            • Occupational Pragmatics and power
              • Pragmatics and power have a strong link as there is power within having knowledge, that of a workplace
              • It could be said that workers know to hold themselves in the work place as they share inferences
              • If the rules of  the working environment are known, they will be put into practice. This is done by communicating these rules

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar English Language resources:

See all English Language resources »See all Language and Occupation resources »