Language and Gender mind map

  • Created by: Rosie666
  • Created on: 06-06-18 19:22
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  • Language and gender
    • Deborah Tannen  (1990)
      • Used the term "genderlect" to describe the way that the conversations of men don't demonstrate superiority or inferiority it simply means they are different
      • Women - seek connections
        • Use: emphasised intensifiers ("so"), carefully and attentively listen without interrupting and use rapport talk
      • Men - seek status
        • Use: report talk, interrupt but avoid asking questions, thrive in public speaking with large audiences and use aggressive and less emotive speech
    • Deborah Cameron (2007)
      • Women are more verbally skilled and talk about interpersonal things such as emotions and relationships
      • Men talk about getting things done, and so there language is more competitive, more direct and less polite
      • Women have the ability to adapt their language based on situational factors and what language they believe to be appropriate in a specific situation
      • Women care more about their language as it is a part of their identity (societal role)
    • Pamela Fishman
      • Mixed sex conversations sometimes fail and this isn't because of the women
        • Women used 3x more tag questions than men
        • Males don't know how to respond adequately. They speak twice as much than women in mixed-sex conversation
    • Zimmerrman and West
      • Recorded 31 mixed sex conversations. Men interrupt women, but women don't interrupt as they don't want to violate a persons right to speak
      • Men assert topic control. Women also spoke less than men
      • This results in a breakdown of conversations This results in delayed or minimal responses
    • Jenny Chesire
      • Women use standard English more frequently than men
        • She studied the speech of young children, considering the frequency of them using: Multiple negations, use of "ain't" and non standard use of words (e.g never and what)
    • Jennifer Coates (1990)
      • 4 categories of women's talk: House talk, bitching, chatting and scandal
        • All female talk is supportive and cooperative as women respects others rights as speakers
        • She found that women use phrases such as "perhaps", "sort of" and "probably" to avoid sounding threatening


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