Language and Age

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  • Created by: rbc1999
  • Created on: 06-06-16 18:31
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  • Language and Age
    • Penelope Eckert
      • (2003) **** is a way to diverge from others and used a sign of 'coolness'
        • Untitled
      • Three ways to consider age
        • Chronological Age
          • Years since birth
        • Biological Age
          • Physical maturity
        • Social Age
          • Linked to life events
    • Giles Accomodation Theory - Divergence
      • Teenagers diverge from 'adult speech' to create their own identity as a group
      • Many teens feel the need for acceptance from their peers
      • Teens feel the need to assert their dominance through their own language
    • Face Threatening Acts (Erving Goffman 1955)
      • Older generations disliking the new language used by younger generations is a negative FTA as it threatens their independence
      • Younger generations new language threatens the older generations positive face as they would feel left out
      • Purposely creates a barrier between the two age groups for distance and individuality
    • Labov - Martha's Vineyard
      • Younger generations wanted to follow the older generations
      • Used old language in order to actively create a connection between the young generations and the older generations
      • Idea that teens actively choose to converge or diverge to give a different impression of themselves
    • Jenny Cheshire (1987)
      • Language develops in response to important life events that affect social relations and social attitudes of individuals
    • Anna-Brita Stenstrom
      • Some features of young people's speech includes
        • Irregular turn-taking
        • Overlaps
        • Elision/abbreviations
        • Teasing and name calling/verbal duelling
        • Slang/taboo
        • Language mixing


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