Land Reform (1) - 1949-1952

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: sammilaw
  • Created on: 30-12-14 19:47
View mindmap
  • LANDLORDS
    • Land Reform (1) - 1949-1952
      • RICHER PEASANTS
        • 60% of the population benefited to varying degrees
        • June 1950- Mao stressed the need not to target this class (Agrarian Reform)
        • Locally, it varied, some were targeted in struggle meetings
      • POORER PEASANTS
        • Poorer peasants (including women) became new landlords
        • 60% of the population benefited to varying degrees
        • Struggle meetings = chance to gain revenge
      • Helped the vast majority at the expense of the minority
      • MARXIST POLICY?
        • Class conflict (dialectic) - anti-landlord
        • Attack on feudalism
        • Tried to create equality in land ownership
      • NON-MARXIST POLICY?
        • Richer peasants not officially targeted
        • Retained private ownership
        • Concentrated on countryside rather than towns
    • 40% of land was redistributed
    • Public struggle meetings - humiliation
    • Body count - 750,000-1million
    • Lost wealth, status, (lives)
    • Left with nothing to survive on
    • Removal of protection of the Law - repayment of old scores

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all China in the 20th century resources »