Labour in Power 1945-51

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  • Labour in Power 1945-51
    • Labour comes to power
      • Election- When the war ended, the coalition government had to decide what to do next. They wanted a fresh start
      • Election- the conservatives focused on Churchill, slogan= 'Let him finish the Job.' They promised new homes and support for the poor and unemployed. But they opposed the reforms and didn't realize how much the nation wanted them and were too focused on Churchill's magic. Churchill made a speech, which was a big mistake as he compared labour to the gestapo. Labour therefore won.
    • Responding to Beveridge: the attack on 'want'
      • The report said: it should support citizens 'from the cradle to the grave'. It had to fight five giants: Want (lack of basic needs, food), ignorance (lack of proper education), disease(the lack of proper medical care), squalor(poor living condition), idleness (unemployed).
      • The Five Giants
        • Ignorance- 1944- education Act (up to 14) 1945 education act (up to 15)
        • Idleness- 1945 Goverment building schemes provide work
        • Squalor- 1946 New Towns= 17 built in England, 4 enlarged, 5 in Scotland, 1 in Wales, by 1948 750,000 (same amount as were destroyed)
        • Disease- 1946 NHS(national health service) free, 1947- perscription charge, and some service charges
        • 1945 Family allowances act- 5s for each child after 1st,  1946 National insurance act- workers and employers pay in for unemployment, maternity, sickness and pension benefit     1946 National assistance act- goverment help to homeless, disabled and mentally ill
    • The NHS
      • BMA (the British Medical Association) - didn't like the idea of reduced pay and state control of their profession but agreed that there needed to be a new health service. The act was passed in 1946 due to Bevan's push and disputes were delayed.
      • Widely popular- goverment underestimated how much it would cost. Bevan resigned as Minister of Heath as he disagreed with the charges of perscriptions and some services in 1947. Charges were fiercely objected, but even in force those who needed free help got it- improvement on beforehand.


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