labelling theory(interactionist theory)

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  • labelling theory(interactionist theory)
    • Conc
      • foc on how labelling affects our self-concept => SFP
      • how master status => dev
      • bring attention to media -stigmatisation
      • better und if merge all theories together
    • BB/ origins
      • process of labelling - crime = product of interaction in soc
      • Becker - took ethnographic approach - emerged himself in their culture
        • social inst e.g. police adopt stereotype & gen soc reaction - social constructionism
        • dev = relative - "deviant behaviour is behaviour so labelled"
          • not the act that is imp, but how we define it - time, place, culture etc - e.g. marijuana act, discrim of homo
    • Sel pol
      • where pol have pre-set stereo of crims & are biased in their actions
      • Becker - m/c parents can nego child out of trouble - pol act differently to w/c & m/c dev beh
      • Cicourel - w/c areas patrolled w/ > arrests that filled their descriptions
        • found probation officers used stereo about pov & broken homes
        • jurors acted same way in trials - > likely to suspend & try as guilty based on social char's
      • EVAL
        • are crims who don't fit stereo
        • > fem being arrested
        • not everyone in pol stereo are crim
    • effects of labelling
      • affects self-concept
        • where we absorb label given to us by soc reac - label turns into SFP as we accept label
          • due to stigmatisation (attach neg label)
            • leads to dev career - therefore leads to subc formed of like wise people
      • Becker - master status - stands out most - usually dev lael - will become label - SFP - makes crime worse
        • get rej f/ soc - therefore enter dev career - becomes way of life
          • Goffman - makes them form subc (coll id)
            • how others see us afects how we act - research into career of Marijuana user - move f/ novice to expert - subc
      • Goffman - makes them form subc (coll id)
        • how others see us afects how we act - research into career of Marijuana user - move f/ novice to expert - subc
      • Lemert
        •  
    • dev amp
      • how dev increases via soc reaction - role of media = main focus
      • implications
        • soc creates > lev of dev
        • media are prob- infuence public opinion, role of police, courts & politicians
      • Cohen - mods & rockers - folk dev & mor pan
        • media = vehicle for re-est soc order & exag soc prob (m.p)
          • id source of prob (f.d) e.g. Nazi-G
      • dev amp cycle
    • EVAL
      • doesn't take into cosid other theories - subc = status f; funct = crime is functional; m/c crime (w.c.c)
      • doesn't ask why action was done e.g. stealing
      • > attention needed on beh that created dev label
      • deterministic
      • why do people commit crime if don't have a label?

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