Labelling Theory

  • Created by: Emma
  • Created on: 03-04-15 10:22
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  • Labelling Theory
    • Basics
      • emerged from the work of TANNENBAUM
      • Using ideas from symbolic interactionism
    • LEMERT
      • being a deviant and acting appropriately adopting it as their master status
      • Primary deviance is committed by everyone, but is unlabelled
      • It is the social response that leads the offender to be labelled as deviant
    • BECKER
      • deviance was created by rules and sanctions
      • Moral entrepreneurs
      • the application of the label of deviant is the key factor of deviance not the act itself
    • MERTON
      • Self fufilling prophecy
      • Being treated as deviant enhances the likelihood that you will adopted this master status
    • Deviancy amplification, moral panics and folk devils
      • Deviancy amplification
        • inaccurate reporting of deviance which is distorted and exaggerted ends up causing more deviancy
      • Moral panics
        • a situation reported negatively that creates a public fear around it
      • Folk devils
        • a group of people who are labelled as the deviants and are blamed for the causes of this deviance
    • Evaluation
      • is it still possible for deviant behaviour to exist even without a label
      • not all negative labels reproduce negative or deviant behaviour


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