Labelling theory of crime

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  • Labelling theory of crime
    • Interactionist
      • Deviant people are not different from anybody else
      • Becker - the same behaviour get different reactions depending on the situation.
        • Acts therefore are not intrinsically deviant
        • the reaction of those around you make someone realise an act is deviant
      • Deviance varies over time and place because its socially constructed.
    • Lemert
      • primary and secondary deviance.
      • Most people commit acts of primary deviance but it is of little significance.
      • When there is a social reaction to an act the individual is labelled as deviant
      • When an individual feels the weight of a label they sometimes commit more deviant acts.
    • Future behaviour
      • Becker - deviant career.
        • Becker - the same behaviour get different reactions depending on the situation.
          • Acts therefore are not intrinsically deviant
          • the reaction of those around you make someone realise an act is deviant
      • Jock Young - drug users developed a deviant self concept, which became their master status, society responded negatively and their drug taking increased.
      • Braithwaite - negative labelling depends on how the label is applied.
        • Disintergrative shaming - labels both the act and the person as deviant  which causes social exclusion
        • Reintergrative shaming - only the crime is labelled as deviant so the person has a chance to rejoin society.

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