Rossini - La gazza Ladra

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  • La Gazza Ladra
    • Rossini
      • 1792 - 1868
      • Italian
      • Italian opera style - popular
        • rich
      • William tell
      • Barber of Seville
      • known for melodic writing
      • balanced phrases
    • Instr
      • Strings
        • Violins
          • main melody - b3
          • harmony - b45
          • triple stopping - b410
        • Viola
          • 8ves with violins
        • cello
          • w/ bass
        • bass
          • pedal notes
            • b140
        • Lower strings melody in Recapitulation
          • scalic movement
        • fast sq
          • end of introduction
      • Woodwind
        • Flute + piccolo
          • 8ves with violins - b3
        • Oboe
          • Solo - b171
        • Clarinet
          • Solo - b328
            • beginning of second subject
        • bassoon
          • with bass - b272
      • Brass
        • Horn
          • in E - down 6th
          • in G - down 4th
        • Trumpet
          • down min 3rd
        • Trombone
          • scalic - b9
        • tuba
        • double with clarinet - b266
        • tonic + dominant - b115
      • Percussion
        • snare
        • bass
        • Timpani
          • in E
          • in H
        • triangle
        • military theme
    • Romantic Era
      • 1800-1920
      • everything = bigger
      • more expression
      • Europe
        • revolution caused turmoil
        • quest for freedom
      • nationalism
      • programme music
        • tells story
    • Texture + dynamics
      • Rossini Crescendo
        • b53-61
        • b109 - 114
        • b219
        • gradual increase in dynamics and speed
      • Sudden changes to dynamics
        • forte -> piano b50
      • ppp
        • b219
        • exposition second subject
      • triangle + strings - b86
    • Harmonic features
      • pedal note
        • tonic / dominant note often played by lower intr
        • b139 - 146
      • false relation
        • b180
      • Diminished 7th
        • b134
        • b142
      • Borrowed chord
        • b43-45
      • Suspension
        • b43-45
      • Dom 7
        • b180
    • Abridged / truncated Sonata form
      • no development
      • overture
      • exposition
        • introduction
          • Emajor
          • Maestoso marziale - military like
          • b10 + b20 repeated idea
            • different intrs
            • developed rhythm - sq and triplets
            • staccato second time
            • forte not fortissimo
        • Transitions
          • modulation
          • theme from first subject without sticcato
        • First subject
          • E minor
          • chromatisism
          • descending sequence of triplets
        • Second subject
          • G major
          • waltz
      • Recapitulation
        • first sub - b299-317
        • Second sub
          • E major
        • Coda
          • E major - b481 - silence

Comments

Bob Rorshach

As a student, I'm pretty sure bar 53-61 is NOT a Rossini crescendo, as there is no build-up of instrumentation or shortened phrase lengths. It's just... a crescendo.

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