KQ 2: How can development be measured and how useful are these measures? 

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  • Created by: ryanpa711
  • Created on: 20-05-16 11:15
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  • KQ 2: How can development be measured and how useful are these measures?
    • What does the specification say?
      • Simple and Composite Indicators
        • Postives
          • Qualitative Indicators
            • Negatives
              • All averages (over-generalisation)
              • Not accurate data - governments can hide actually figures
                • development is widely spread across a country so it isn't representative
              • Urban - rural contrasts
          • Limitations
          • figures show clear comparisons for different countries
          • Ranked to allocate Aid
          • Gives idea on what the country is like: economically, environmentally and socially
        • Negatives
          • All averages (over-generalisation)
          • Not accurate data - governments can hide actually figures
            • development is widely spread across a country so it isn't representative
          • Urban - rural contrasts
      • Qualitative Indicators
        • Limitations
      • Simple Indicators
        • GDP
          • Value of goods and services in US$ per Capita (including PPP) = better comparison
          • GNP - includes goods and services overseas
          • Widely used
          • Positives
            • Shows large number of productive industries in producing goods
            • Invests money
            • Easy comparisons between countries
          • Negatives
            • Doesn't take into account the informal sector
            • only looks at economic side and hides inequalities
        • Infant Mortality Rate
          • Number of babies who die before their 1st birthday per 1,000 live births
          • Negatives
            • Unregistered births
            • well above - disclosed
            • Resulted in scoial on politicial factors e.g. China is very high due to the 1 child policy
        • Literacy Rate
          • Positives
            • clear indication of education levels
            • Shows who can/ can't attend school
            • suggests government spending on education
          • Negatives
            • Doesn't show other skills peoplle may have
            • high variations between males and females
          • Average expected time to live, based on the year od their birth
      • Composite Indicators
        • HDI
          • Human Development Index
            • Health (Life Expectancy)
            • Wealth (GNI per Capita, PPP)
            • Education (Literacy Rate and number years of schooling)
            • Holistic Perspective by the UN
            • Scored from 0 - 1
            • Norway: 0.944
      • Qualitative Indicators
        • HPI
          • Happy Planet Index
            • Life Expectancy
            • Experienced well-being
            • Ecological footprint
          • Scored from 0 - 100
            • Good: Mexico
            • Medium: Brazil
            • Poor: Russia (32.7) USA (30.2)

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