Korean War


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  • Korean War
    • Why Did The US get involved in the Korean War?
      • Desire for US influence in the pacific
        • A Communist Southern Korea would swing power away from US and toward the Communist Bloc
      • Economic Rehabilitation of Japan
        • Vital for Japans Protectoin from communism
      • Protect Japan From Attack
        • Truman feared that SK would be a place for communists to launch an attack
          • Truman did not want communists in close proximity to japan, as Japan was in their interests
      • 'Desire to Defend Democracy'
        • US collaboration with the UN shows this, they were upholding democratic values of SK
        • BUT: The government of SK was by no means a model of democracy and freedom
          • It was a ruthless under Syngman Rhee's Presidential rule and depended on police and army officers
      • Cold War Context
        • America felt threatened by the fall of China in 1949 and the testing of the First Atomic Bomb by the Soviet Union
          • Thus America had a desire to gain ground against the communists Bloc. They wanted to restore their position in the world
      • Impact Of Truman
        • 1947 TRUMAN DOCTRINE followed the policy of containment
          • They would defend any country under Communist Aggression
          • Truman Accused of being to soft on communism (Fall of China) and therefore was adamant to uphold his policies in Korea
            • America felt threatened by the fall of China in 1949 and the testing of the First Atomic Bomb by the Soviet Union
              • Thus America had a desire to gain ground against the communists Bloc. They wanted to restore their position in the world
          • The Red Scare led to Truman wanting to counter Communism wherever he could
    • How far was The KW a military and political success for The USA?
      • Eventual Holding of the Chinese
        • The Policy of Roll back had the risk of Chinese involvement
          • They Felt that China would not intervene as it would hamper their opportunity to gain a seat on the UN Security council
            • USSR influence and the fact that China did not want an American controlled state on its boarder led to intervention
              • Led to an embarrassing retreat of US leading to a Stalemate at the 38th Parallel (Un-successful)
                • Although it was a BAD retreat, South Korea remained democratic (Success)
          • General MacArthur Sacking 1951 (Politically Bad For Truman)
      • Defense of an Independent ROK
        • Eisenhower   'I will go to Korea'
        • Armistice June 1953
        • Stalin's Death March 1953
      • Involvement of the UN
        • Gave courage to smaller countries threatened by communism as 'The World was on their side'
      • Defeat of Initial North Korean Attack
        • The NKPA in July 1950 pushed the UNC and The ROK to the Pusan Perimeter in the South East Corner
          • Inchon Landing led to the Re-capture of Seoul and pushed the NKPA back up to the 38th Parallel in October the 1st
      • Deterring of USSR and China from further Agression
        • China needed money for domestic issues and North Korean Morale was at breaking point... Inflation was destroying people's lives.
          • The impact of bombing by the UN on NK
        • Stalin Died in 1953 and new leaders placed an emphasis on peaceful co-existence with The USA
      • Use of war to push a massive rearmament programme through congress
        • In 1950 Truman needed support from congress to win support for an increase in military spending that would allow US forces to counter the Communist troops
          • The military budget was increased from 13b to 48.2b and the number of troops increased from 6,30 to 1.5mil by 1955 to meet the threat of the Soviet Union
    • In What ways did the Aims of America Change during the course of the Korean War?

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