Kobe Earthquake

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  • Kobe Earthquake
    • Background information
      • Location: Japan - East Asia on the Pacific ocean
      • Date: 17th January 1995
      • MEDC country
    • Causes
      • Located on a destructive plate margin: Eurasian and Phillipine
      • 7.2 on the Richer scale
      • Shallow focus of only 16km
      • Over 1300 after shocks
      • Liqufaction occured making it more unstable
      • Epicentre was only 20km from the city of Kobe
    • Social impacts
      • 300,000 left homeless - one fifth of Kobe's population
      • 6,000 killed
      • 500 deaths from fires
      • 35,000 injured
    • Economic impacts
      • $105 billion worth of infrastructure damage
      • 3/4 of water pipes damaged
      • 2 toyota factories damaged causing a halt in the assembly system
      • 102,000 buildings damaged - 7,500 were wood
    • Environmental
      • Sewage leaks causing disease
      • Over 300 fires that took 2 days to put out
    • Hazards
      • Secondary
        • People made homeless
        • Wide spread damage
        • Buildings to withstand 8.4 failed
      • Primary
        • Routes into the city were destroyed - places were
        • Raised motorway collapsed, damaging infrastructure below
        • Electricity supplies cut off by falling debris
    • Responses
      • Short term
        • initially there were few supplies
        • Shelters over crowded - unsanitory
      • Long term
        • Services running by July
        • 80% port working 1 year later
        • More earthquake drills run
        • Monitoring instruments

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