Case Study: Kobe Earthquake

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  • Kobe Earthquake
    • Key facts
      • 17th January 1995
      • Heavily populated urban area
      • 7.4 on the Richter scale
      • Occured as a result of plate movement between the Philippines plate, Pacific plate and Eurasian plate
    • Primary effects
      • 35000 injured
      • Buildings and bridges collapsed despite earthquake proof designs
      • 6433 dead
      • Estimated $100 billion damage
    • Secondary effects
      • Buildings destroyed by fire when the gas mains fractured
      • 316000 homeless
      • Refugees moved into temporary housing
    • Short term responses
      • People were evacuated
      • Emergency rations provided
      • Rescue teams searched for survivors for 10 days
    • Long term responses
      • People moved away from the area permanently
      • Jobs created in the construction industry as part of a re-building programme
    • After effects
      • Seismic shaking
      • Landslides and liquefaction
      • Triggering of aftershocks and additional earthquakes


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