Knitting

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  • Knitting
    • Problems
      • Snag/Ladder
      • Edges may curl
      • Stretch in all directions
      • Unravel when cut
      • Damage from stitch
    • Solutions
      • Stitch with care
      • Polyester thread
        • allows 'give'
      • sharp scissors
      • careful when hanging
        • when wet
          • lay flat
      • finish edges
        • knitted bias binding
      • choose components and shaping suitable for weight
      • interfacing and lining
      • walking foot
        • prevent uneven stitch
    • Weft Knit
      • simple
      • produces by hand or machine
      • yarn travels the width, each yarn interlacing
      • distinct back and front
      • one continuous yarn
      • No weft and warp - COURSE AND WALE
      • Single Jersey
        • vests/ t shirts
        • lots of stretch
          • easily distorted
          • doesn't crease easy
        • one set of needles and yarn
        • drapes/ takes shape of figure
        • ladders if snagged
        • unravels if cut
        • distinct back and front
        • good insulator in still air
          • wind gets through gaps
      • Double Jersery
        • Not very elastic
        • Durable
        • Compact
        • 2 sets of needles and yarns
        • slightly thicker/ warmer
        • stable
        • t shirts/ underwear
        • retain shape
      • Jacquard Knit
        • clear back and front
        • CAD/ CAM
        • similar to jacquard weave
        • patterned (3 or more colours)
        • highly skilled hand knit
          • knitting by numbers
      • Rib Knit
        • jumpers, socks, hats
        • elastic width ways
        • vertical lines
        • two sets of needles, staggered
        • more yarns
        • same front and back
        • anything chunky and patterned
      • Pique Knit
        • Lacoste Alligator polo shirt
        • athletic wear
        • keeps you cool
        • polo shirts
        • machine only
        • pulls moisture from the body and WICKS it into the air
    • Warp Knit
      • fast
      • cheap
      • more complicated structure
      • machine only
      • warp threads run vertically to selvedge (course)
      • not a lot of pettern
      • elastic- stretches one way
        • like interlocked paper clips
        • easier to cut and sew
      • Tricot
        • adds grip
        • golf gloves
        • synthetic yarns
        • yarns in zig zag fashion
      • Locknit
        • lining and underwear
        • adds shine
        • lustrous
        • front
          • vertical small loops
        • back
          • zig zag stitch
      • Velour
        • Brushed
          • feels like velvet
        • fleecey
        • knitted for stretch
        • leisure wear
        • cheap mans velvet
        • formed from cut loops
        • pile fabric
      • Atlas
        • precision
        • hand dyed fabric
        • silk yarn
      • Net structure
        • fishing nets cant stretch everywhere as it will distort out of shape
          • needs a small stretch so the nets dont break
        • woven/ grid like structure
        • knotting thin thread
        • stretch in one direction
      • Polar Fleece
        • sports/ leisure wear
        • burshed
          • Warm
        • breathable
        • densely raised on one or both sides
          • fleece edffect
        • high bulk
        • light weight
    • Making Knit into Garments
      • Fully Fashioned
        • machine or hand kn itted
        • fully knitted into shape
        • make parts and sew onto a product
          • without cutting
      • Whole garment knitting 3D
        • advantaced technology
        • machine or hand
        • no seams/ cutting
        • make whole thing all in one
        • highly skilled if by hand
      • Cut and Sew/ Panel Knitting
        • edges roll up
        • single/ double jersery
        • knitting fabric lengths on machine
          • cutting pieces of garment
            • sewing together
        • edges need finishing
        • can buy in fabric shops

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