Psychology: Key studies in Memory

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  • Key Studies in Memory
    • Atkinson and Shriffrin- Muliti Store Model (MSM)
      • Short-term Memory
        • Capacity: 7+/-2 items
        • Duration: 18-30secs
        • Encoding: ACOUSTIC
      • Long-term memory
        • Capacity: UNLIMITED
        • Duration: UNLIMITED
        • Encoding: SEMANTIC
      • Sensory memory
        • Duration: 2 seconds
        • Capacity: all sensory experiences `
        • Encoding: ALL SENSES
    • Peterson and Peterson- duration of STM
      • Trigram
      • Delay intervals 3,6,9,12,15,18
      • Duration was between 18-30 seconds
    • Jacobs- capacity of STM
      • Digit span technique
      • Capacity between 5 and 9
      • Capacity= 7+/-2 items
    • Baddely- coding of the LTM
      • Acoustically similar, semantically similar, no relation.
      • Recall words immediately (STM) or after 20 mins (LTM)
      • Acoustic code STM, Semantic code LTM
    • Baddely and Hitch- Working Memory Model (WMM)
      • Phonological loop/store
        • Articulatory Loop
      • Central Executive
      • Visuospatial Sketchpad
        • Visual Cache
      • Episodic Buffer
    • Geiselman- Cognitive Interview
      • REPORT EVERYTHING
      • REINSTATE CONTEXT
      • CHANGE ORDER
      • CHANGE PERSPECTIVE
      • 89 students watched VIDEOS of violent crimes
      • Students recalled far more in the cognitive interview

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