Key Question 2

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  • Key Question 2
    • Social Issues of Growth
      • Insufficient provision of public services
        • Education + health care
      • Insufficient provision of basic needs
        • Clean water + sanitation
      • Increasing health problems
        • Water contamination from increasing waste + sewage
      • Growth of squatter settlements
        • Poor quality housing and overcrowding
      • Traffic congestion and air pollution
    • Economic Issues of Growth
      • Increase in informal sector
        • Loss of tax revenue to the govt.
      • High underemployment + low wages
      • High cost to govt. to provide public services +build necessary infrastructure
      • Insufficient job opportunities
        • Increasing number of in-migrants
    • Economic Issues of Decline
      • Decrease in tax revenue
        • Govt. less finances to invest in services and infrastructure
      • Lack of job opportunities
        • Results in  high unemployment
      • High cost to govt. to pay for benefits
      • Increasingly difficult to attract inward investment
        • Derelict post-industrial landscape
    • Social Issues of Decline
      • Decline in quality of public services
        • Education + healthcare due to reduced govt. funding
      • Decline in physical and psychological health
      • Increased crime - riots
      • Decline in quality of housing
        • People have less disposable income to invest in homes
      • Isolation + fear - particularly elderly
      • High levels of poverty
    • Mexico City - Growth
      • Located towards centre of Mexico
        • City is 2000m above sea level
      • Built on old lake beds
        • Lake slowly drained to allow colonial city to grow
        • City is slowly sinking
      • Pop. 21 million
        • Primate city
        • 1000 in-migrants per day
      • Push from rural areas
        • High natural increase, decreasing death rate
        • Insufficient food production due to rapid pop. growth
        • Lack of services
      • Pull from Mexico City
        • Better education + health care
        • Opportunities for entertainment
        • Perception of better life and employment opportunities
      • High natural increase due to in-migrants being young and economically active
      • Economic Issues
        • High underemployment
        • Low wages ($4 per day) for low skilled workers
        • Long working hours
        • Informal sector
        • Taxes aren't paid
          • Less money for government to provide basic services
        • All members of family  have to work
      • Health
        • Respiratory problems due to 3 million cars and 30,000 industrial sites
        • Heavy traffic congestion in the north (industry)
        • Sewage system poorly constructed
          • Flows into open rivers
        • 11,000 tonnes of rubbish per day
      • Social
        • People live with relatives or shacks built
          • overcrowding
          • No running water
        • School out of question
        • No birth control or health education
          • Teenage pregnancy
    • Newcastle
      • De-industrialisation
        • Industries closed
        • Areas of city became derelict
      • Deprivation
        • Fewer jobs, less quality housing, poorer services
      • Regeneration
        • Reversing decline
        • Investing in the arts and the uni

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