Key Question 1

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  • Key Question 1
    • Functions
      • Quaternary Industry
      • Retail and Commerce
      • Recreation
      • Public Services
      • Open Space
      • Manufacturing Industries
      • Transport
      • Residential
    • Spatial Patterns
      • CBD
        • Inner City Ring
          • Suburban Ring
    • Environmental factors
      • Protected Environment
        • Conservation areas - restricting development of land uses
      • Location of river/coastline
        • Land desirable
          • Aesthetic value
          • Easy access for transportation
        • Land may be liable to flooding
          • Left as a natural ecosystem
          • Acts as flood control
      • Relief
        • Some land uses require certain types of land
          • Marshalls Airport / heavy industry (Mexico) flat land
        • Desirable for some land uses
          • High class residential
    • Political
      • Economic investment by government + local council
        • Can offer incentives to attract new developments or re-developments
          • London Dockland area - retail, offices, residential
      • Planning controls/land use zoning
        • Govt. direct control on land use
          • Determine the permitted land of all land + buildings
        • Grant or deny planning permission
        • More important in MEDCs than LEDCs
      • Traffic management / road building schemes
        • Govt. determines infrastructure
      • Environmental/conservation
        • Determine location of land
          • Designated as protected - conservation of historic centres or natural landscapes
    • Economic
      • Wealth of Population
        • Wealth + location based on balance between access to the city centre and size of living space
        • High income residents live in areas with easy access to employment + services
          • New developments of luxury housing
          • Older housing areas become socially desirable
      • De-industrialisation / derelict land
        • Many regions experience de-industrialisation due to globalisation
      • Location of transport links
        • Industry often chooses to locate near major roads
        • High class housing likely to be away from major roads
      • Bid rent/cost of land
        • Land uses compete for best location
          • Greatest comp. in city centre
            • Land most expensive + rent is high
        • High rise uses less land
          • Built where rent is hghest
        • Land use making highest profit can bid highest for land
    • Social
      • Socio-economic status
      • Ethnicity
        • Ethnic groups concentrate in certain areas
          • Recently immigrated into country
        • Trapped in low paid jobs - living in low income areas
        • Desire to live near family/friends
      • Stage of Life
        • Young/single adults in flats near city centre
        • Families with children likely to live in suburbs
          • More semi-detached/detached housing
  • Functions vary from one city to another
  • Cambridge
  • Mexico City

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