key people 1


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  • KEY PEOPLE
    • ALEXANDER II
      • Assassinated 1881
      • Reign was characterized by reform
      • Emancipated the serfs in 1861
      • Had more liberal views
    • ALEXANDER III
      • 1881-1894
      • fearful of revolution despite his strong physique
      • Reversed many of his fathers reforms
      • Conservative
      • Gave control to the police and nobility
      • Asserted centralized control
    • MIKHAIL BAKUNIN
      • Socialist intellectual thinker
      • Believed that the state crushed individual freedom and should be removed
      • Translated the Communist Manifesto 1869
    • VIKTOR CHERNOV
      • Involved with populism from teenage years
      • Joined People's Will 1894
      • Key in creation of Social Revolutionist Party 1901 and Duma in 1907
    • FATHER GAPON
      • Orthodox priest
      • Believed he had a divine mission to help the workers
      • Organised workers unions from 1903 but remained loyal to tsar
      • Led the marches of Bloody Sunday
      • Escaped with his life after BS 1905 but was found hanged after returning from exile
    • IVAN GOREMYKIN
      • Minister of Iinternal affairs 1895-1899
      • Became PM 1906
      • close ally of Rasputin
      • Forced to resign as PM in july 1906 after disagreements with the first Duma
      • Replaced by Stolypin
      • Became PM again in 1914
      • Assassinated in December 1917
    • LEV KAMENEV
      • Joined SD's 1901
      • Deported into Siberia 1914 where he met Stalin
      • Edited Pravda, opposing the April Thesis
      • Voted against armed uprising with Zinoviev in October 1917
      • Wanted a coalition with the socialists
      • Made member of Politburo
    • ALEXANDER KERENSKY
      • Not interested in Marxism
      • Elected to Duma 1912
      • Joined SR'sin 1917
      • Minister of War May 1917
      • Became PM in July
      • Took action against Kornilov's coup but fled to France
    • LAVR KORNILOV
      • Strong military discipline
      • Appointed Commander in chief of the army July 1917
      • Influential in punishing those involved with the July days
      • Harsh towards the  revolutionaries and those involved with strikes
      • Kornilov affair was down to him

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