KETT 1549: Economic

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  • Created by: siouxx
  • Created on: 26-04-16 19:36
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  • KETT 1549: ECONOMIC
    • Landholding & enclosure
      • Rebel grievances of enclosed common land
        • Particularly wooded areas for pasture
          • All incidents throwing down enclosure happened here
      • Acted in defence of common land -
        • Foldcourse system (lord of manor could graze sheep on tenants land) meant enclosure beneficial to tenant
          • Prevent landlord's sheep using pasture
          • Tenants unable graze own sheep/grow corn
      • Protect commoners rights
        • Demanded no overstocking of commonland
          • Restricted number of animals held by landlord
      • Began as enclosure riot
    • Monetary eg. feudal dues & tax
      • Rackrenting (extortionately high rent)
        • Seen as another way to pass on costs
      • Wanted entry fines reduced pre-inflationary levels
        • Too high, more problems for tenants
          • Rackrenting (extortionately high rent)
            • Seen as another way to pass on costs
  • Foldcourse system (lord of manor could graze sheep on tenants land) meant enclosure beneficial to tenant
    • Prevent landlord's sheep using pasture
    • Tenants unable graze own sheep/grow corn
  • Landlords enclosed/ amalgamated to convert arable land to pasture for sheep farming
    • Substantial profits at expense of tenants rights
    • Acted in defence of common land -
      • Took away land from tenants & caused unemployment
    • Landlords passed on financial obligations to tenants
      • eg. payments to crown & castleward
      • Monetary eg. feudal dues & tax
        • Wanted entry fines reduced pre-inflationary levels
          • Too high, more problems for tenants
      • Many of these aspects directed towards gentry/landowners as great resentment for them - social conflict
      • Thought were helping Somerset tackle corrupt landowners who caused inflation through enclosure
        • eg. John Hales commission into abused enclosure
        • Supported Commonwealth men - good of all people, not exploitation of poor

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