Kenya Mass Tourism

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  • Kenya
    • Why Visit?
      • it has an attractive climate with sunshine all year round, hot and humid at the coast;
      • Safari holidays are popular - e.g. in the Maasai Mara / Nakuru National Park
        • enya has spectacular wildlife - including the big 5 - Lion, Elephant, Rhinoceros, Leopard and Buffalo
      • Cultural experience - many tourists visit local tribes such as the Maasai to find out more about their lifestyle and traditions
      • Coastal Holidays - SE of Kenya has fine sands and coral reefs with spectacular marine life - e.g. Mombassa
      • Tourist numbers also increased as larger aircraft in the 1980s bought prices of air travel down
    • Advantages?
      • Jobs are generated by tourism in many areas - in the initial construction of the resorts, in travel, in food provision and in other service related industries.
      • Roads, rail, facilities, electricity services etc. all need improving to accommodate the tourists - local people also benefit from these
      • The local tax base increases so the local government/council can invest in schools, healthcare and social services.
      • Tourists introduce new values and cultures and learn about new cultures- this causes cultural UNDERSTANDING
      • Tourism has stimulated farming, by creating a demand for local food from farmers
      • Tourism has stimulated farming, by creating a demand for local food from farmers
    • Disadvantages
      • TNCs (Trans National Corporations) from rich countries are often involved - this can result in a lot of profits leaving the country.
      • Jobs can be seasonal - especially in beach and skiing based resorts. People can therefore find themselves out of work in the close season.
      • Tourists consume huge amounts of resources including food and water - this type of tourism is particularly UNSUSTAINABLE in this manner.
      • Tourists introduce new values and cultures - this causes cultural pollution
      • Land is lost from farming to tourist developments.
      • Safari minibuses disturb animals - often getting too close (e.g. can be 30-40 buses around a single animal in the Maasai Mara)
        • they also cause soil erosion as the wheels churn up the grass
      • many Maasai are traditionally nomadic, but many have beenforced out of the National Parks - losing their land and also losing their traditional lifestyles.
      • Hot air balloons in parks disturb animals - by casting shadows and from the noise of the burners.
      • Coastal Environments such as those in Mombassa have been damaged - e.g. destruction of coral reefs as tourists step on the coral and also take souvenirs.
    • Sustainable Tourism - Kigio Conservancy
      • When and why set up
        • set up in 1997 on an old beef / dairy ranch
        • aim of the conservancy was to provide a wildlife sanctuary and a sustainable eco-tourism destination
      • Accomodation
        • "cottages" built of mud / timber / thatch using local materials and methods
        • furniture built from re-claimed timber from the grounds
        • no electricity - oil lamps
      • Eco Tourism Activities
        • partnerships with local communities
        • provides links with local schools with schools in the UK - raise money for new classrooms and other projects (e.g. water tanks)
        • employs local people (e.g. guides and other workers)
        • conservation activities - e.g. looking after orphaned wildlife - e.g. 2003 relocation of giraffe into the area

Comments

Lizzie123

Thankyou, this is really going to help me :)

lwood7

Thanks :)

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