Kennedy's New Frontier and Johnson's Great Society

  • Created by: riri33
  • Created on: 20-04-19 10:17
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  • New Frontier and Great Society
    • Great Society
      • Civil Rights Laws
        • The Fair Housing Act 1968
          • Prohibited discrimination in the sale or renting of housing after MLK was assassinated
        • Civil Rights Act 1964
          • Ensured the legal segregation was ended in the south
        • Voting Rights Act
          • Ensured all black Americans could vote
      • Poverty and Unemploymeent
        • 44 states had anti-poverty programmes, 53 Job Corps centres created, 25,000 families on welfare received job training
        • Economic Opportunity Act 1964
          • War on poverty
      • Education
        • Elementary and Secondary Education Act
          • Helped children below the poverty line
        • Higher Education Act
      • Housing and Urban Problems
        • Housing and Urban Development Department 1965
          • To combat house shortages and decay
        • Omnibus Housing Act 1965
          • Financed rent supplements and $8b worth of low/moderate income housing in ghettos
      • Medicare and Medicaid
        • Medicare 1965
          • Federal funding medical care for over 65s regardless of incomes.
        • Medicaid 1965
          • Federal government provided funding for states to provide medical care for those who could not afford basic services
    • New Frontier
      • Cold War
        • Cuba
          • JFK executed the plan Eisenhower initiated.
          • JFK was seen to have won the Cuban Missile Crisis
        • Vietnam
          • He escalated involvement
          • 20,000 men in active combat compared to 1000 under Eisenhower
        • Space Race
          • Aim for the Man on the Moon
            • By 1965, 58% of Americans were in favour of the moon landing and by 1969 the USA landed a man on the moon
      • Peace Corps 1961
        • Aimed to help improverished countries
        • JFK claimed it would fulfill its promise of world devlopment and peace
        • Alternativtly, it was to counter Soviet propganda of the US
      • Social Welfare & Unemployment
        • Legislative failures
          • No congressional support
            • For initatives like OAP healthcare, Tax cuts, Civil rights bill to end Jim Crow laws
          • Extensions of existing programmes
        • Unemployed, underemployed and unskilled workers
          • Area Redevelopment Act 1961
            • Extended employment opportunities
          • Manpower Devlopment Training Act 1962
            • Retrained workers who had lost their job due to mechanisation
        • Helping the poor
          • Social Security Act 1961
            • Social security to the elderly
          • Minimum Wage Act
          • Food and Agriculture Act 1962
            • Federal subsidies to farmers
          • Omnibus Housing Act 1961
            • Granted 5b to extent programmes of urban renewal and public housing
          • Food Stamp Programme
            • Fed 240,000 people

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