(Keats) Imagination

  • Created by: NHow02
  • Created on: 11-04-19 19:20
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  • Transcendence
    • Ode to Psyche
      • 'forest' to 'gardener'
        • Wants to tame/understand women (never settled down to marry)
          • Can't own  Fanny Browne in reality (so has to capture her in his imagination)
          • Keats wants to lure her into a managed/ controlled environment
        • A forest is typically a symbol of the subcons-cious
          • His ideas of  mortality have forced him to withdraw into his own mind
          • Keats wandered 'thoughtlessly' (lost)
            • Fricatives create a suffocating effect (overcome by internal thoughts)
              • Keats to Fanny - you are 'cruel to have so entrammelledme, so destroyed my freedom'
    • Ode to a Nightingale
      • 'Lethe-wards had sunk'
        • the River Lethe is the river of forgetfulness that souls pass when entering the underworld
          • Keats describes his creative process as 'negative capability' (leaving the unknown a mystery)
            • John Jones: incapable of 'jostling in the real world'
        • 'sunk' lands heavily at the end of the line
      • 'Hippocrene, with beaded bubbles winking at the brim'
        • Sacred spring belonging to the Greek muses (imbibing poetic inspiration)
          • 'Winking' suggests death or inspiration is luring him in
        • Plosive 'b' alliteration creates a juddering effect (literally 'nodding' off to sleep)
          • Alliteration could also create a heavy effect (gradually falling into his glass + drowning his sorrows)
          • Slows the pace
    • St Agnes
      • 'silken hushed and chaste'
        • Sensuous sibilance imitates the rustle of silk (creates a claustrophobic effect)
        • Women likened to materialistic qualities (objectified/ shallow)
          • Only sees outward beauty
            • Keats claims he would not spend 'anytime with ladies unless they are handsome'
              • Menand: 'A horror of female sexuality'
    • To Autumn
      • 'o'er-brimmed their clammy cells'
        • 'cells' is a medical word (focusing on the microscopic details of nature)
          • Alliteration begins harsh but ends soft (atmosphere of release)
        • Use of full words ('bosom'/ 'swell'/ 'plump') creates an image of ripeness
          • Idea of satisfaction (abundant atmosphere)
            • Romanticism (artistic/ literary movement which developed a deep love for nature & the supernatural)
        • Last line of each stanza is longer (literally overflowing)
      • Keats begins to look outwards instead of just inwards...
      • 'gathering swallows twitter in the skies'
        • Swallows could represent a physical + spiritual journey (migration)
          • Keats is ready to die (next step to find transcen-dence)
            • Keats dies of TB in Rome at the age of 25 in 1821
            • Like Autumn he is hung between Summer & Winter (life and death)
    • Ode to Melancholy
      • 'glut thy sorrow on a morning rose'
        • Double meaning of 'rose' lifts the line more positively
          • 'morning' is symbol of hop/life & 'rose' is a symbol of love
            • Thomas Wright: 'the union of joy and pain'
        • 'glut' creates a burdenous/ greedy effect
      • 'Veiled Melancholy...among her cloudy trophies'
        • 'Veiled'/ 'cloudy' creates an obscured effect (sorrow blinds him/ renders him incapable)
        • Oxymoron emphasises idea that though lacking glory - Melancholy is an important part of life
          • Keats was painfully aware of it (brother died in 1802 & father died in 1804)


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