(Keats) Death

  • Created by: NHow02
  • Created on: 12-05-19 17:15
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  • Death
    • To Autumn
      • 'o'er-brimmed their clammy cells'
        • Use of full words ('bosom'/ 'swell'/ 'plump') creates an image of ripeness
          • Idea of satisfaction (abundant atmosphere)
        • 'cells' is a medical word (focusing on the microscopic details of nature)
          • Alliteration begins harsh but ends soft (atmosphere of release)
      • 'gathering swallows twitter in the skies'
        • Swallows could represent a physical + spiritual journey (migration)
          • Keats is ready to die (next step to find transcen-dence)
            • Keats dies of TB in Rome at the age of 25 in 1821
      • Keats begins to look outwards instead of just inwards...
    • Ode to a Nightingale
      • 'Lethe-wards had sunk'
        • 'sunk' lands heavily at the end of the line
        • the River Lethe is the river of forgetfulness that souls pass when entering the underworld
          • Keats describes his creative process as 'negative capability' (leaving the unknown a mystery)
      • 'Hippocrene, with beaded bubbles winking at the brim'
        • Sacred spring belonging to the Greek muses (imbibing poetic inspiration)
          • 'Winking' suggests death or inspiration is luring him in
        • Plosive 'b' alliteration creates a juddering effect (literally 'nodding' off to sleep)
          • Alliteration could also create a heavy effect (gradually falling into his glass + drowning his sorrows)
          • Slows the pace
    • Ode to Melancholy
      • 'glut thy sorrow on a morning rose'
        • 'glut' creates a burdenous/ greedy effect
        • Double meaning of 'rose' lifts the line more positively
          • 'morning' is symbol of hop/life & 'rose' is a symbol of love
      • 'Veiled Melancholy...among her cloudy trophies'
        • Oxymoron emphasises idea that though lacking glory - Melancholy is an important part of life
          • Keats was painfully aware of it (brother died in 1802 & father died in 1804)
        • 'Veiled'/ 'cloudy' creates an obscured effect (sorrow blinds him/ renders him incapable)
    • St Agnes
      • 'drowned  all in Rhenish... sleeping dragons'
        • The family remain sleeping literally + metaphorically
        • 'dragons' introduce mythological aspects (damsel in distress)
          • Dragons known to be greedy + are slated at the end
      • 'still she slept an azure-lidded sleep'
        • Sibilance suggests Porphyro is losing her to her dream husband
          • Keats favours reality over fantasy (Laments never marrying Fanny Brawne)
        • 'azure-lidded' creates a corpse-like image
          • 'Azure' is derived from a stone which was powdered into paint during the Renaissance
            • The colour was most notably reserved for the Virgin Mary's dress
        • Deep blue pigment could also reference the nighttime (the Eve)


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