Kashmir Earthquake

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  • Kashmir Earthquake
    • Background
      • Pakistan - Southern Asia bordering Arabian sea
      • 8th October 2005
      • 7.6 - duration of 1 minute
      • LEDC country
    • Causes
      • Aftershocks reaching 6.0
      • Destructive plate margin
      • During Ramadan - most people were asleep
    • Impacts
      • Social
        • 87,000 died
        • 100,000 injured
        • High youthful population - many child deaths - many orphans
        • £.5 million homeless
      • Economic
        • Infrastructure poorly built - easily collapsed
        • 3 major towers collapsed in the capital
        • 630,000 homes needed rebuilding
        • $5 billion worth of damage
      • Environmental
        • Broken sewage lines - diseases and infection
        • Fires caused by burst gas pipe
    • Hazards
      • Primary
        • Building collapse
        • Broken pipe lines
      • Secondary
        • Lack of infrastrucure
        • Homeless
    • Responses
      • Immediate
        • Torrential rain - rescue efforts made harder
        • Army was brought in
        • Lack of cooperation between military and civilains
      • Delayed
        • 1.8 million waiting for homes 1 year later
        • Indian red cross provided supplies
        • Foreign aid and NGO helped to cover expenses

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