Kashmir Earthquake

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  • Kashmir Earthquake
    • Where?
      • Kashmir, Pakistan
      • Near city of Muzaffarabad
    • When?
      • 8 October 2005
      • 8:40am
    • What?
      • Earthquake measuring 7.6 on the Richter scale
      • Focus was 26km down.
      • Shaking lasted for 60 seconds
      • Aftershocks  (some up to 6 on the Richter scale) continue for 2 days
    • How?
      • Indian plate squashed into the Eurasian plate.
      • Called a collision zone
    • Primary Effects
      • Buildings Collapsed
      • Signs fell of walls
      • Windows shattered
      • Furniture fell over
      • Roads tracked
      • Bridges toppled over
      • fires
      • sewerage pipes bursting
    • Secondary Effects
      • Caused injury and death
      • People left homeless
      • Disease (mainly diarrhea)
      • pneumonia
      • People also died because of cold weather
    • Responses
      • Local people started trying to rescue those who were trapped
      • Indian Red Cross distributed 21500 blankets, 300 kitchen sets, and medical supplies.
      • The army and emergency services arrived to help dig people out
      • Border between India and Pakistan was opened in a few places to allow food and emergency supplies to cross.
      • Medical teams arrived from other countries to treat the injured
    • Long-term effects
      • Crops mostly survived as did the animals so farmers continued their jobs
      • Markets re-opened
      • In urban areas people lot their jobs as offices or shops were damaged
      • Electricity lines brought down - reconstruction was harder
      • Schools damaged and students lost their books
      • Overall cost $5 billion


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