Kant's Moral Argument

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  • Created on: 10-04-15 13:44
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  • Kant's moral argument
    • John Hick
      • Agrees with Kant
      • There is an objective moral law that we should all follow
    • H.P.Owen
      • If there is a law there must be a law giver
      • You can't have a command without a commander
    • Dom Trothowan
      • Rejects the use of logic
      • Interprets morality as a religious experience which brings us closer to God
    • Freud
      • There's no duty or Summum Bonum
      • It's just how we were brought up and the superego
      • There is a mediator in you mind that helps you act correctly
    • Brian Davies
      • Why does the law-giver have to be God? Why can't it be an angel?
    • Michael Palmer
      • "Looks suspiciously like trying to keep his cake and eat it"
    • Fromm
      • Our morals are based on what is of value to us
    • Kant
      • We are all striving towards the Summum Bonum
        • When virtue and happiness come together
      • We only feel obliged to do things if they are possible
        • A paralysed man doesn't aim to get up and do a marathon - it's not achievable
      • You can be moral but not create happiness
        • E.g. telling the truth about a friends dress and saying it's not very nice
      • Because we can't achieve happiness and virtue by ourselves there has to be a God so we can achieve it
      • "We must postulate the existence of God to achieve what we feel we must"
      • People can't achieve it in this life so there must be an afterlife
      • Not a proof of God but logically, this must be the case
      • "God is the highest and original good"


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