kantian ethics mind map

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  • Created by: Katy
  • Created on: 11-04-14 17:15
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  • Kantian Ethis
    • a deontological argument
    • about duty
    • we have an innate moral duty which means we act in a good way
    • our duty is revealed through our duty, the "moral law within"
    • acting morally is due to doing you duty because it is intrinsically right and not for not other reason
      • the highest form of good is good will
    • we should always act out of duty and not emotion
    • ought implies can if it is impossible to achieve then it is not our duty
    • categorical imperatives  are perform an absolute moral rule and we do not consider consequences
    • there are 3 main characteristics that a moral rule should have
      • universal law applies to everyone without not exception
    • exceptions cause contradictions
    • eg keeping promises should be universalised because a world where everyone failed to keep promises means that promise keeping would no longer exist
    • treat humans as a means not an end in themselves this is autonomous and rational
    • gives people respect and mean that people wont get treated as a means to something else
    • treating people as a means not an end promotes equality
    • living in the kingdom of ends means you're free to make rational choices and this is what separates us from animals
    • we are free to do our duty and if were not free then ought no longer implies can
      • we should not act in order to get happiness we act out of good will then the summum bonum is achieved in the afterlife
    • the summum bonum is the supreme good= virtue+happiness

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