Kantian Ethics

An overview of Kantian ethics considering stengths and weaknesses. 

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Yamanam
  • Created on: 21-04-13 13:03
View mindmap
  • Kantian Ethics
    • Theory of Duty
      • Deontogical
        • What is moral is what you have a duty to do
          • Going to war to protect your country is duty
          • Kant thought it to be "inconceivable"that duties can conflict because they are universal and do not discrimnate
      • Taxonomy of duties
        • Lists of duties that humans have to perform in order to be moral agents
    • Hypothetical Impertive
      • = Something humans ought to do, to achieve a certain end.
        • So to achieve x, i must do y
          • To get to the city quickly  I should get the train.
    • Universalisation of Maxims
      • Moral law = A rule for how you should act
        • Based on a maxim
          • Maxims = A subjective moral principle
            • Can be deduced by all rational humans
              • Therefore A priori
                • "There is nothing higher than reason.”
      • Maxims = A subjective moral principle
        • Can be deduced by all rational humans
          • Therefore A priori
            • "There is nothing higher than reason.”
      • Created by God
    • Catergorical Imperative
      • The principle of humanity as an end not a means
        • We mustn't use one another to gain use things
          • “Always treat people as ends in themselves, never as means to an end.”
            • Prostitution is wrong because you are using someone to gain yourself pleasure.
      • The universal law principle
        • So only do an action if it can be universilsed
          • "Act only on that maxim whereby which you can at the same time will that if becomes a universal law"
            • Lying is wrong because if everyone lied there would be no trust
      • The principle of the universal kingdom of ends
        • Where humans achieve a harmonious society and realize they share common aims
          • "Act according to the maxims of a member of a merely possible kingdom of ends legislating in it universally"
    • Summum Bonum
      • The highest god, only achieved in the moral community
      • Teleological
      • Two parts
        • Well-being
          • Individuals are truly moral when content
            • Good
        • Good
    • Strengths
      • T'is a universal theory
      • Equality is a key factor
      • Places worth on dignity and human life
      • Emphasis that we are autonomous individuals
        • = Someone free to choose
      • Moral actions do not require a moral litmus test
    • Weaknesses
      • Some argue there is no such thing as a priori laws
      • Consequences are ignored
      • What about double effect?
      • We are free yet bound by moral laws, contradiction.
      • Moral luck
      • Cold and logical - no place for personal relationships
  • Hypothetical Impertive
    • = Something humans ought to do, to achieve a certain end.
      • So to achieve x, i must do y
        • To get to the city quickly  I should get the train.
  • Something humans are duty bound to do
    • Lying is wrong because if everyone lied there would be no trust
    • Prostitution is wrong because you are using someone to gain yourself pleasure.
    • "Act according to the maxims of a member of a merely possible kingdom of ends legislating in it universally"

Comments

Orwell

absolutely brilliant!

TheLiterary

Why art thou articulate? 

Similar Ethics resources:

See all Ethics resources »See all resources »