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  • Created by: B.S
  • Created on: 12-05-14 15:49
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  • Kantian Ethics
    • Duty & Good Will
      • we have an innate moral duty, revealed through reason. he called this the moral law within
      • we should not perform actions for any other reason other than it's our duty.
      • highest form of good is good will. to have good will is to do ones duty.
      • we should act out of duty not emotion, self interest or compassion
      • actions should be based on reason
      • its not our duty to do something that is impossible. Kant argued Ought implies Can.
    • Moral statements
      • kant believed there is two types of statements : a priori and a pasteriori. A priori is a statement that is true in itself. A paseriori is a statement that can be tested to see if it is right or wrong.
      • moral statements are a priori synthetic. we cant prove what someone should do by seeing it, therefore they are a priori but they may or may not be true so they are synthetic
    • Categorical imperative
      • statements are only known through reason therefore Kant came up with the categorical imperative to work out if a statement is right or wrong.
      • the categorical imperative helps us know what our duty is and can be applied universally
      • Kant contrasts it with the hypothetical imperative as it is not moral.
      • The Three Main Categorical imperatives are: universal law (can everyone apply to it?), Treat people as ends not means (people should be treated as autonomous beings) and Kingdom of ends (a world outside this one where everyone is treated as equals)
    • Freedom
      • we are all free to make rational choices
      • free to do our duty
      • if we aren't free we cannont be moral agents, ought no longer implies can
    • Summon Bonum
      • Summon Bonum is the supreme good, kant believed it was virtue plus happiness
      • happiness is not certain in this life therefore we are all reaching towards summon bonum to get happiness.


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