Kantian ethics overview

  • Created by: _bella_
  • Created on: 22-01-19 17:30
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  • Kantian Ethics
    • Not religious
    • Religion and decision making should be separated
    • You must use reason to determine what is wrong
    • Morality applies to everyone equally
    • Hypothetical Imperative
      • Based on wisdom not morality
    • Categorical Imperative
      • Commands you must follow, no matter what you desire. Moral obligations come from reason alone
        • "It doesn't matter whether you want to be moral or not- the moral law is binding all of us"
      • Must not be contadictory
    • 4 Formulations of Categorical Imperative
      • Universalizability principle- "act only according to that maxim which you can at the same time will that it would become a universal law without contradiction"
        • Maxim- A rule or principle of action
        • Universal law- something done in similar situations
      • The Formulation of Humanity- "Act so that you treat humanity, wether in your own person or in that of another, always as an ends and never as a mere means"
        • Mere means- only use for your own benefit, and disregard the benefits/ interests of humans you're using
        • To see people as an end-in-themselves you must recognise their humanity
        • Lying and deception is not right as it takes away our autonomy to make a right decision


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