Kantian Ethics

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  • Created by: hjkb_
  • Created on: 13-01-18 15:43
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  • Kantian Ethics
    • Duty and good will
      • Objective moral law which is beyond personal opinion and is knowable through reason
      • To do good to others, where one can is a duty
      • it is impossible to conceive of anything in the world, or indeed out of it, which can be called good without qualification, save only a good will
    • Hypothetical imperative
      • Commands behaviour for an end. "if"
      • Categorical imperative
        • Knowledge is categorical, if telling the truth is right then we should always tell the truth
        • Commands us to exercise our will in a certain way irrespective of any end. "must"
    • Synthetic and Analytic propositions
      • Moral knowledge is a priori synthetic
    • Universal law of nature
      • Act only according to that maxim by which you can at the same time will that is should become a universal maxim
      • when we act we should do so that we could always do and anyone else could always do
      • it would be a contradiction of the will if maxims could not be universalised
    • End in itself
      • Human beings are rational agents capable of free-will and this means they cannot be used for some other end
    • Kingdom of ends
      • The world that we must imagine, when we are searching for universal laws
    • 3 Postulates
      • God
        • God ensured that in the end the world was arranged correctly to ensure that the highest good in the end
      • Immortality
        • Kantian ethics looks towards a perfect future
          • immortality of the soul allows happiness to be ensured beyond this life
      • Freedom
        • the highest degree of life. Moral choices are only possible if people re free to make them
        • We have to be free to do our duty

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