Kant

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  • Created by: ceyda
  • Created on: 11-05-13 14:41
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  • Kant 18-19th Century philosopher
    • Groundwork for metaphysics
      • Categorical imperative
        • Universal Law principle
          • No one should do anything that he/she wouldn't accept as a universal law for everyone to do.
        • The principle of humanity as an end not a means
          • Must not use others in pursuit of an ethical end.
        • The principle of the universal kingdom of ends
          • A state of affairs in which all members of a society desire the same good.
    • A priori knowledge
      • It is human reason alone that gives humanity knowledge of moral truth.- INNATE KNOWLEDGE
    • Hypothetical imperative
      • Commands that ought to be obeyed to achieve a certain aim. E.g: ' IF I want to lose weight THEN I must go to the gym.'
    • Categorical imperative
      • Universal Law principle
        • No one should do anything that he/she wouldn't accept as a universal law for everyone to do.
      • The principle of humanity as an end not a means
        • Must not use others in pursuit of an ethical end.
      • The principle of the universal kingdom of ends
        • A state of affairs in which all members of a society desire the same good.
    • Summum Bonum
      • Hypothetical imperative
        • Commands that ought to be obeyed to achieve a certain aim. E.g: ' IF I want to lose weight THEN I must go to the gym.'
      • Duty
        • We all have a duty to others and society
        • A priori knowledge
          • It is human reason alone that gives humanity knowledge of moral truth.- INNATE KNOWLEDGE
      • The highest good which is only achievable in the moral community.
        • Kant postualtes that there must be a God and we must try to achieve a higher good
    • Deontological
    • Absolutist
    • Strengths
      • Treats everyone fairly.
      • Clear and easy to apply
      • Moral value comes from action itself
      • Gives humans worth and value
      • Although it is based on Christianity, don't have to be religious to follow.
    • Weaknesses
      • Doesn't look at the consequences of actions
      • Duties can conflict
      • Deontological theories are not flexible so followers might have to lie
    • 3 Postulates of Practical Reason
      • GOD
      • FREEDOM
      • IMMORTALITY
      • Summum Bonum
        • Duty
          • We all have a duty to others and society
        • The highest good which is only achievable in the moral community.
          • Kant postualtes that there must be a God and we must try to achieve a higher good

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